Advent 4: Joseph and the Walk of Faith

Lectionary readings for December 19, 2010:  Isaiah 7:10-16; Psalm 80:1-7; 17-19; Romans 1:1-7; Matthew 1:18-25

Ruth Haley Barton

“Sooner or later, if we follow Christ we have to risk everything in order to gain everything.  We have to gamble on the invisible and risk all that we see and taste and feel.  But we know the risk is worth it, because there is nothing more insecure than this transient world.” Thomas Merton

This week’s Advent reading focuses on Joseph and the walk of faith that the Christmas story drew him into—one that required strength of character, obedience to a mystical encounter with an angel in a dream, the willingness to take risks based on what he heard in that dream, waking up and staying awake to the spiritual reality of what was unfolding in his life. Saying yes to faith required Joseph to make brave choices in response to the revelations of God’s will for his life and it put him on a completely different path than he had planned. It placed him squarely in the middle of the greatest story ever told.

Character in the Midst of Confusion

The greatest story ever told begins with a real moral dilemma: Mary was officially betrothed to Joseph and they had maintained a chaste relationship when she was found pregnant. This, of course, created a very personal dilemma for Joseph since he knew he was not the father of the baby.  What’s a man to do?

When we are under pressure, who we really are comes out and this was certainly true for Joseph. Joseph was a righteous man and righteousness is what came out when he was caught in the vice of public scandal and his own personal pain. His response to the situation came from deep inside his own character rather than being shaped by the pressure that was coming from outside forces. Even in the midst of what he perceived as a betrayal, his choices were driven by his great love and commitment to Mary’s well-being and also by his own inner conviction about how he wanted to behave in the situation.

Subjecting Mary to public scandal was not in him. What was in him was kindness and sensitivity to Mary’s situation and a desire to be good to her and to save her from additional humiliation.  From his good heart, he decided to dismiss her quietly rather than claiming his right as an injured husband.  If Joseph had made a different choice, no doubt Jesus would still have been born but it would have made for a very different story—one full of bitterness and human rancor.  This choice alone—the choice to be good to Mary in the face of his own disappointment and personal pain—demonstrated an inner strength and a profound trustworthiness that confirmed he was the one to walk beside Mary as she opened herself so completely to God.  This choice alone meant he was the one to be most intimate with the Christmas story as it unfolded.  And his response of strong love eventually fashioned a home for the child that was born and the woman who birthed him.

Waking Up to Spiritual Reality

Grace was at work in Joseph’s situation. In the midst of his grief, his inner turmoil and (probably) his sleepless nights, God sent an angel to tell him the truth about his situation, to calm his inner turmoil and to give him the wisdom to know what to do.  In order to stay faithful to the walk of faith, Joseph had to wake up to spiritual reality rather than being mired in a more human perspective. He needed to have the willingness to change his approach to the situation based on his encounter with the angel and to see it in a whole new way based on the angel’s revelation.

Joseph had had a plan—to put Mary away quietly—and it was a good plan. It came from a good place inside him. But it was still only a human plan that came from looking at the situation solely from a human perspective.  The walk of faith required Joseph to wake up, to see his situation from the vantage point of what God was doing and to change his approach accordingly.  This kind of relinquishment can be hard—the relinquishment of a plan that we have already mapped out in our heads. For Joseph, relinquishing his own plan was necessary if he was going to respond to the spiritual reality that was unfolding in the midst of this human drama. It required inner vision that enabled him to perceive far more than the human eye can see and comprehend.  It called him to rise above his own pain and confusion to belief that “all this was taking place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet.”

The Obedience of Faith

When we start to wake up and see more clearly what the walk of faith requires we are faced with a choice—the choice to get up and do what the Lord has commanded us to do and to subordinate every other thought and desire to the revealed will of God. Paul calls this “the obedience of faith” in the epistle reading for the week.  Knowing the will of God is not enough; doing it is what matters. Here our desire to avenge ourselves, to explain ourselves, to be understood, to maintain personal comfort and security, to have our lives make sense to others or be validated by them is subordinated to the deeper desire to say yes to God and join God in what he is doing.  This kind of obedience might mean that, for a time at least, we are willing to look like a fool to everyone else because God’s wisdom is the foolishness of this world.  (I Corinthians 1:25)

Many of us harbor a subtle belief (or at least a hope!) that we can say yes to the walk of faith and it won’t require much of us.  That we can follow God’s will and never have to appear foolish.  That we can take the risk of following God and still have our security.  That we can be righteous and yet take subtle vengeance on those who have betrayed us.  That we can be awake to spiritual reality and still accommodate ourselves to human thinking and planning. That we can fudge on faith just a little and it won’t matter. But there is nothing in Scripture that supports this!  In fact, the Scriptures clearly indicate that he who finds his life purely on the level of human survival will eventually lose it and he who loses his life at this level will surely find it.

Faith Matters

One of the most striking things about Joseph’s story is that he was not one of the main characters in the story—his was a supporting role in the truest sense of the word—and yet his choices mattered so much!  We might think that our ability to walk in faith doesn’t matter all that much.  We might think we can play it safe, let others take all the risks and it won’t affect anything.  But Joseph’s story tells us that nothing could be further from the truth!

Joseph’s story tells us that our willingness to take the journey of faith affects everything. It tells us that the walk of faith will require something of us, perhaps more than we thought we were capable of.  But it also tells us that as we say yes to the walk of faith, we too can find our place in the greatest story ever told—the story of God’s purposes lived out in and through our simple existence.  We, too, can experience God-with-us like we have never experienced him before.  We, too, can recognize the coming of the Divine into our hearts and call his name Jesus.


Question:  How is God inviting you to take courageous steps in your own journey of faith this Advent season? Use the form below to comment.


Print off the following Scriptures, move away from your desk and settle into a place that is conducive to quiet reading and reflection.  If you wish, have your journal with you in case there are any personal reflections you wish to capture in writing.  Remember, you are not reading for sermon preparation or any other ministry purpose.  You are engaging Scripture now for the sole purpose of allowing God to speak directly to your soul through the process of lectio divina.

Begin by breathing deeply as a way of quieting yourself and opening to the Holy Spirit who is closer to you than your breath. Allow yourself to become aware of where God is inviting you to take another step in your own walk of faith.  Keep breathing.

Read all four passages slowly and reflectively, not primarily to gain information or analyze the texts but listening to get a general idea of the Biblical themes contained in the lectionary Scriptures for the fourth week of Advent. Then choose one passage for reading, pondering and savoring today using the process of lectio divina. You might want to move through the passages in order or your might want to start with the Gospel and then move to the others as the week progresses. Once you have chosen the passage, read that passage four times (silently or aloud) asking a slightly different question each time.  Allow for a few moments of silence after each reading.

• In the first reading, listen for the word or the phrase that strikes you. In the silence that follows, just savor the word.

• In the second reading, listen for the way in which your life is touched by this word.  What is it in my life that needed to hear this word today?

• In the third reading, listen for an invitation from God contained in this word.  Is there something God is inviting me to be, or do in response to this word? What is my response back to God?

• Read the passage a fourth time and rest in the word you have received in total yieldedness and abandonment to the love and the will of God.

• Resolve to “live out” or incarnate the word you have received as God leads.

© Ruth Haley Barton, 2010. This article is not to be reproduced without permission.  Ruth is a spiritual director, teacher, retreat leader and founder of the Transforming Center.  She is the author of numerous books and resources on the spiritual life including Strengthening the Soul of Your LeadershipSacred Rhythms, and Invitation to Solitude and Silence.


The lectionary schedule is taken from the Revised Common Lectionary Cycle A; Scriptures are quote from the New Revised Standard Version.

Isaiah 7:10-16

10 Again the LORD spoke to Ahaz, saying, 11 Ask a sign of the LORD your God; let it be deep as Sheol or high as heaven. 12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, and I will not put the LORD to the test. 13 Then Isaiah said: “Hear then, O house of David! Is it too little for you to weary mortals, that you weary my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel. 15 He shall eat curds and honey by the time he knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good. 16 For before the child knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land before whose two kings you are in dread will be deserted.

Psalm 80:1-7, 17-19

1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock! You who are enthroned upon the cherubim, shine forth
2 before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh. Stir up your might, and come to save us!
3 Restore us, O God; let your face shine, that we may be saved.
4 O LORD God of hosts, how long will you be angry with your people’s prayers?
5 You have fed them with the bread of tears, and given them tears to drink in full measure.
6 You make us the scorn of our neighbors; our enemies laugh among themselves.
7 Restore us, O God of hosts; let your face shine, that we may be saved.
17 But let your hand be upon the one at your right hand, the one whom you made strong for yourself.
18 Then we will never turn back from you; give us life, and we will call on your name.
19 Restore us, O LORD God of hosts; let your face shine, that we may be saved.

Romans 1:1-7

1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, 2 which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy scriptures, 3 the gospel concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh 4 and was declared to be Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, 5 through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for the sake of his name, 6 including yourselves who are called to belong to Jesus Christ, 7 To all God’s beloved in Rome, who are called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Matthew 1:18-25

18 Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19 Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to dismiss her quietly. 20 But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: 23 “Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel,” which means, “God is with us.” 24 When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, 25 but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.

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Ruth Haley Barton

(Doctor of Divinity, Northern Seminary) is founding president/CEO of the Transforming Center. A teacher, seasoned spiritual director (Shalem Institute), and retreat leader, she is the author of numerous books and resources on the spiritual life including Life Together in Christ, Pursuing God’s Will Together, Strengthening the Soul of Your Leadership, Sacred Rhythms, and Invitation to Solitude and Silence.


  1. Ruth Haley Barton on December 21, 2010 at 3:39 pm

    Yes, there is such a difference between an “adventure of faith” and a “walk of tenuous faith without fully trusting.” Joseph definately chooses for the adventure! I love hearing you say you are ready for the adventure. May we all be ready and say yes when the opportunity presents itself!


  2. George on December 17, 2010 at 11:59 am

    Joseph did not know what was ahead. My ignorance grows as I look out into the world, into scripture, and my own soul. And yet I see God where I look. I hear God speak love to me and feel called to love the others I see. I hear God invite me to move and trust. I want so much to stay on an adventure of faith and yet it becomes a walk of tenuous steps made without fully trusting. I am seeing that I am more afraid of the price obedience will cost than doubtful of what I have heard. Joseph’s story encourages me to keep letting Jesus arrange my life and treasure the opportunities to be part of Love events on my journey. Sitting here now, I’m ready for the adventure! Thank you for sharing your thoughts. George

  3. Michael mcGinnity on December 16, 2010 at 10:14 pm

    Thank you for your reflections on Joseph. As I read them I became aware of hospitality as gift in Joseph’s life. Central to this gift was his acceptance of Mary and what God was doing in her life. Through the offer of hospitality to Mary, Joseph is led into God’s hospitality that, as you say transforms how he sees himself, Mary,God and his own life in God’s plan of salvation.

    Thank you again for these thought and prayer provoking reflections.

    • Ruth Haley Barton on December 21, 2010 at 3:56 pm

      Ah, hospitality. This is a wonderful answer to Wesley’s question about spiritual practices–the practice of hospitaltiy–accepting and even welcoming Mary and what God was doing in her life. Not only welcoming it but fully participating by getting on board with it, helping it along in any way he could. How often we miss the opportunity to participate in the work of God as it is unfolding because we fail to recognize it as such! Too often we analyze it to death rather than getting on board with it. Hospitality has many facets and it is a beautiful lens through which to see Joseph’s participation in the Christmas story.

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  5. Valerie Murphy on December 14, 2010 at 8:50 pm

    Recently been reflecting on the obedience of faith – the picture of the young eagle launching itself of the ledge. There is a great difference from when it first falls – wings flailing as it tries to survive the free fall and when it finds rest between the wings of its parent. Here it is flying at rest. There is such a huge difference. Much of my faith obedience is reflected in the mad flapping of wings – the jump has been taken but I am not soaring at rest. It is how we move from the one to the other that makes all the difference. Your suggestions would be helpful.

  6. Wesley Esquivel on December 14, 2010 at 7:20 pm

    Thank you for the blog. I am working on the sermon for this Sunday. At the end of each sermon I have a “Rule of Life” section where I derive spiritual disciplines from the text we are studying. I try to make this organic and I try to avoid proof texting. Would you say that the spiritual disciplines of guidance, submission, and compassion are found in the life of Joseph? Are there other disciplines Joseph practiced? I would appreciate your feed back.

  7. Linda Stoll on December 14, 2010 at 3:05 pm

    When we put ourselves in Joseph’s shoes and the dilemma that faced him, we realize once again that he surely was a man of faith, trust, hope. Obedient to God, even though his whole life was crashing down around him.

    I wonder how I would respond if in the same circumstances as Mary. Freak out? Feel like I had lost my mind? I doubt I would have responded in faith like she did. They both surely risked all they had in making those choices to respond with trust.

    Huge lessons for us today … not only about our own faith journeys, but entrusting our children and grandchildren to the One who has their lives in His hands.

    • Ruth on December 14, 2010 at 5:29 pm


      • Barbie Murphy on December 15, 2010 at 2:22 am

        My husband was the founding pastor of our church and we have served the same church faithfully for 26 years. God has called us to take a step of faith and leave this ministry to give pastoral care to missionaries.
        From the reading above: “Joseph’s story tells us that our willingness to take the journey of faith affects everything. It tells us that the walk of faith will require something of us, perhaps more than we thought we were capable of. But it also tells us that as we say yes to the walk of faith, we too can find our place in the greatest story ever told—the story of God’s purposes lived out in and through our simple existence. We, too, can experience God-with-us like we have never experienced him before. We, too, can recognize the coming of the Divine into our hearts and call his name Jesus.”
        We pray that as we say “yes!” to this new walk of faith that we will find ourselves in the midst of God doing a great work among those warriors who have taken to the battlefields, living in simple existence in order to assist others to call upon the name of Jesus. As we become Aaron and Hur to these faithful ones we pray that someday we will meet those who were reached because God used us to enable the faithful warriors to embrace the Divine and stay in the battle.

      • Ruth Haley Barton on December 21, 2010 at 3:59 pm

        God bless you both as you take this important step on your faith journey. Yours is a wonderful example of our own process of spiritual transformation and saying yes to God is deeply good for us and it is also in some profound way “for the sake of others.”

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